, also spelled Teheran, the capital city of Iran
and the centre of the province (ostān) of Tehrān, located in north-central Iran at the foot of the Elburz
mountain range. Since its establishment as the capital city by Āghā Moḥammad Khān
more than 200 years ago, Tehrān has grown from a small city to a major metropolis: situated in an urban region of 12 million inhabitants, Tehrān is Iran’s largest city and one of the most populous cities of the world. Area city, 270 square miles (707 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) city, 7,797,520.
The centre of the city is on latitude 35°41′ N and longitude 51°26′ E. Tehrān is located on the steep southern slopes of the Elburz mountain range, which traces an arc along the coast of the Caspian Sea
in northern Iran. Its highest peak, Mount Damāvand
(Demavend), has an elevation of more than 18,400 feet (5,600 metres) and is visible from Tehrān on clear days. The highest point in Iran, Damāvand is also higher than any other peak among the summits to its west in Asia and Europe
. Figuring prominently in Persian
legend, Damāvand holds for Iranians much the same significance as Mount Fuji
offers the Japanese. The symbolic significance of this site and its location on the historic east-west trade route (Silk Road
) have ensured that this area has been the site of significant settlement for several millennia. Towchāl ridge (12,904 feet [3,933 metres]), the site of a popular ski and recreation site linked to the city by a series of cable cars, dominates the city from the north, while the city’s southern reaches extend toward
, a desert located in north-central Iran.
Tehrān has a hot, arid climate shared by many parts of central Iran. Although the summer is very long, the city enjoys four distinct seasons, and the Elburz mountain range prevents the humidity of the Caspian Sea in the north from reaching the city. The annual average temperature in Tehrān is 63 °F (17 °C), with an average annual high of 73 °F (23 °C) and annual lows averaging about 53 °F (12 °C).
Teheran Weather Forecast: